Instead of commenting on that situation I thought I'd call attention to a recent paper by Tim Welch and others in Plos One about a plasmid inferring multi drug resistance that has been found to be present
This plasmid is of concern because it was isolated from a strain of the plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis, back in the mid 1990s. Since then it has not turned up in Y. pestis again but this new paper reports finding related plasmids in the fish pathogen Yersinia ruckeri and in a strain of the food born pathogen Salmonella. The picture on the left shows the relationship between the three plasmids.
The inner circle shows the conserved backbone indicating that the plasmids isolated from three different species of bacteria have a recent, common origin. They all have the genes necessary to be self mobilizing but they differ in the number of drug resistance genes they carry, ranging from 9 to 13.
using data from the conserved backbone Welch et al. screened a large number of MDR strains of Salmonella, E. coli and Klebsiella sp. isolated from agricultural products and found that the majority of the resistant strains harbor a relative of this plasmid.
From the paper:
The discovery of these MDR IncA/C plasmids in evolutionarily distinct pathogens attests to recent genetic exchange, either directly between these bacterial species or through bacterial intermediates, and it suggests that overlap in the ecological niches of these organisms is sufficient to permit past or future plasmid transmission.And
we present evidence that a common plasmid backbone is prevalent among E. coli, Klebsiella sp. and multiple Salmonella serotypes isolated from retail meats in the US, and among some food animal isolates of E. coli. Our data imply that high levels of MDR in the causative agent of plague may rapidly evolve naturally...